​​​Evaluation of Environmental Standards for Radionuclides

Kocher D.C. and F.O. Hoffman.  Drinking water standard for tritium – what’s the risk? Health Physics 101(3):274-285; 2011.

Kocher, D.C. 2009. “Federal Laws and Regulations on Control of Exposure to Naturally Occurring and Accelerator-Produced Radioactive Material,” Chapter 13 in Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORM) and Technologically Enhanced NORM (TENORM), ed. By P.A. Karam and B.J. Vetter, Medical Physics Publishing, Madison, Wisconsin.

Kocher, D.C. 2008. “Regulations for Radionuclides in the Environment,” Chapter 16 in Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis, ed. By J.E. Till and H.A. Grogan, Oxford University Press, New York.

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). 2002. Ethical Considerations in Protecting the Environment from the Effects of Ionizing Radiation, A Report for Discussion, IAEA-TECDOC-1270. IAEA, Vienna, Austria. (Download)

Biota Dose Assessment Committee. 2002. A graded Approach for Evaluating Radiation Doses to Aquatic and Terrestrial Biota, DOE Standard, DOE-STD-1153-2002, U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC.

Kocher, D.C. and Griem, H. 2002. An Approach to Comparative Assessments of Potential Health Risks from Exposure to Radionuclides and Hazardous Chemicals, Environ. Int. 27, 663.

Kocher, D.C. 2001. "Drinking Water Standards for Radionuclides: The Dilemma and a Possible Resolution." Health Physics, 80, 486.

Schneider, S., Kocher, D.C., Kerr, G.D., Scofield, P.A., O'Donnell, F.R., Mattsen, C.R., Cotter, S.J., Bogard, J.S., Bland, J.S., and Wilbin, C. 2001. Systematic Radiological Assessment of Exemptions for Source and Byproduct Materials, NUREG-1717, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, D.C.

National Research Council. 1999. Evaluation of Guidelines for Exposures to Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials, Report of the National Research Council's Committee on Evaluation of EPA Guidelines for Exposure to Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.

Kocher, D.C. 1991. “Perspective on the Historical Development of Radiation Standards.” Health Physics. 61, 519.

Kocher, D.C. 1989. “Proposed Guidance for the Development of Remedial Action Strategies at Radioactively Contaminated Sites.” Radiat. Prot. Manage. 6, 44.

Kocher, D.C. 1989. “Relationship Between Kidney Burden and Radiation Dose from Chronic Ingestion of U: Implications for Radiation Standards for the Public.” Health Phys. 57, 9.

Kocher, D.C. 1989. “Environmental Radiation Standards and Risk Limitation,” p. 643 in Risk Assessment in Setting National Priorities, ed. by Bonin, J.J., and Stevenson, D.E. Plenum Press, New York.

Kocher, D.C., Eckerman, K.F., and Leggett, R.W. 1988. “On the Relationship Between Radiation Standards for the General Public and Limitation of Lifetime Risk.” Health Phys. 55, 339.

Kocher, D.C. 1988. “Review of Radiation Protection and Environmental Radiation Standards for the Public.” Nucl. Saf. 29, 463.

Kocher, D.C. 1987. “A Proposal for a Generally Applicable De Minimis Dose.” Health Phys. 53, 117.

Kocher, D.C. 1986. “Performance Objectives for Disposal of Low-Level Radioactive Wastes on the Oak Ridge Reservation,” p. 125 in Waste Management ‘86, Vol. 3, ed. by Post, R.G. University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona.

Kocher, D.C. 1984. On the Development of Environmental Radiation Standards for Geologic Disposal of High-Level Radioactive Wastes, NUREG/CR-3714, ORNL-6006. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee.