Approaches for Screening Contaminants and Exposure Pathways

Kocher, D.C. and Apostoaei, A.I. 2007.  Screening doses for induction of cancers calculated with the Interactive Radioepidemiological Program (IREP). DTRA-TR-0704. Defense Threat Reduction Agency. Fort Belvoir, VA.


Kocher, D.C.  2005.  Method of Screening of Radionuclides Released to the Atmosphere from Facilities at Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA.

Kocher, D.C.  2005.  Selection of Radionuclides for Inclusion in Dose Reconstructions at Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA.


Higley, K.A., Domotor, S.L., Antonio, E.J., and Kocher, D.C. 2003. Derivation of a Screening Methodology for Evaluating Radiation Dose to Aquatic and Terrestrial Biota, J. Environ. Radioact. 66, 41.

Domotor, S.L., Peterson, H.T., Jr., Wallo, A., Higley, K.A., Bilyard, G.R., and Kocher, D.C. 2001. Using Science, Policy and Partnerships to Develop a Graded Approach for Evaluating Radiation Doses to Biota, p. 28 in Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Ionizing Radiation-Environmental Protection Approaches for Nuclear Facilities, Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission, Ottawa, Canada. 

Higley, K.A., Kocher, D.C., Domotor, S.L., Bilyard, G.R., Antonio, E.J., Jones, D.S., and Sample, B.E. 2001. Derivation and Application of a Screening Methodology for Evaluating Radiation Doses to Aquatic and Terrestrial Biota, p. 58 in Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Ionizing Radiation-Environmental Protection Approaches for Nuclear Facilities, Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission, Ottawa, Canada.

IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency). 2000. Generic models for use in the control of radioactive discharges into the environment. Safety Report 19. Revision of IAEA Safety Series 57. Vienna, Austria.

NCRP (National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements). 1999. Recommended Screening Limits for Contaminated Surface Soil and Review of Factors Relevant to Site-Specific Studies. NCRP Report No. 129. NCRP, Bethesda, MD.

NCRP (Scientific Committee No. 64-6 on Screening Models). 1996. Screening Models for Releases of Radionuclides to Atmosphere, Surface Water, and Ground. NCRP Report No. 123 I. January 22, 1996.

NCRP (Scientific Committee No. 64-6 on Screening Models). 1996. Screening Models for Releases of Radionuclides to Atmosphere, Surface Water, and Ground - Work Sheets. NCRP Report No. 123 II. January 22, 1996.

Thiessen, K.M., Hammonds, J.S., Lewis, C.J., Hoffman, F.O., and White, E.I. 1996. Screening Method for the Oak Ridge Dose Reconstruction. A Task 7 Report. ChemRisk, State of Tennessee. April 1996.

Thiessen, K.M., Hoffman, F.O., Hammonds, J.S., and White, E.I. 1995. A review of the preliminary screening analysis carried out during the Oak Ridge Dose Reconstruction Feasibility Study. ChemRisk, State of Tennessee, August, 1995.

Blaylock, B.G., Frank, M.L., Hoffman, F.O., Miller, P.D., Purucker, T.S., Redfearn, A., and White, R.K. 1993. Human Health Risk Assessment Screening Approach for Evaluating Contaminants at Source Control and Integrator Operable Units. In: Proceedings of Specialty Conference Series TTO42, January 10-13, 1993 Washington, D. C., ATSDR, USEPA. 393-406.

Hoffman, F.O., Blaylock, B.G., Frank, M.L., and Thiessen, K.M. 1993. A risk-based screening approach for prioritizing contaminants and exposure pathways at Superfund sites. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 28:221-237.

Blaylock, B.G., Frank, M.L., Hook, L.A., Hoffman, F.O., and Ford, C.L. 1992. White Oak Creek Embayment site characterization and contaminant screening report. Oak Ridge National Laboratory Report. ORNL/ER-81.

Blaylock, B.G., Hoffman, F.O., and Frank, M.L. 1992. Preliminary screening of contaminants in the off-site surface water environment downstream of the US Department of Energy Oak Ridge Reservation. In: Proceedings of Environmental Surveillance and Data Analysis Interpretation. Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

Blaylock, B. G., Frank, M.L., Hoffman, F.O., Hook, L.A., Suter, G.W., and Watts, J.A. 1992. Screening of contaminants in Waste Area Grouping 2 at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee. ORNL/ER-62/R1.

Shevenell, L., Hoffman, F.O., and MacIntosh, D. 1992. Re-ranking of ORNL WAGs: Prioritization based on risk assessment calculations using MEPAS, an accepted screening methodology, and an uncertainty analysis. Oak Ridge National Laboratory Report. ORNL/ER-53.

Hoffman, F.O., Blaylock, B.G., Frank, M.L., Hook, L.A., Etnier, E.L., and Talmage, S.S. 1991. Preliminary screening of contaminants in the off-site surface water environment downstream of the US Department of Energy Oak Ridge Reservation. Oak Ridge National Laboratory Report. ORNL/ER-9.

Hoffman, F.O., Blaylock, B.G., Travis, C.C., Daniels, K.L., Etnier, E.L., Cowser, K.E., and Weber, C.W. 1984. Preliminary screening of contaminants in sediments. Oak Ridge National Laboratory Report. ORNL/TM-9370; ESD-2400.